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The Rome Statute
Final Act on the Establishment of the ICC
The Rules of Procedure and Evidence
The Elements of Crimes
The Regulation of the Court
The Regulations of the Office of the Prosecutor
The Regulations of the Registry
Revision 1 (version in force)
The Code of Professional Conduct for Counsel
The Code of Judicial Ethics
Staff rules of the International Criminal Court
Financial Regulations and Rules
The Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the ICC
Negotiated Relationship Agreement between the International Criminal Court and the United Nations
Headquarters Agreement between the International Criminal Court and the Host State
About the Court
The International Criminal Court (ICC) is an independent, permanent court that tries persons accused of the most serious crimes of international concern, namely genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. The ICC is based on a treaty, joined by 103 countries.
The ICC is a court of last resort. It will not act if a case is investigated or prosecuted by a national judicial system unless the national proceedings are not genuine, for example if formal proceedings were undertaken solely to shield a person from criminal responsibility. In addition, the ICC only tries those accused of the gravest crimes.
In all of its activities, the ICC observes the highest standards of fairness and due process. The jurisdiction and functioning of the ICC are governed by the Rome Statute.
International Criminal Court: About the Court
Establishment of the Court
The International Criminal Court was established by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, so called because it was adopted in Rome, Italy on 17 July 1998 by the United Nations Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court. The Rome Statute is an international treaty, binding only on those States which formally express their consent to be bound by its provisions. These States then become “Parties” to the Statute. In accordance with its terms, the Statute entered into force on 1 July 2002, once 60 States had become Parties. Today, 103 States have become Parties to the Statute. The States Parties meet in the Assembly of States Parties which is the management oversight and legislative body of the Court.
Following the adoption of the Rome Statute, the United Nations convened the Preparatory Commission for the International Criminal Court. As with the Rome Conference, all States were invited to participate in the Preparatory Commission. Among its achievements, the Preparatory Commission reached consensus on the Rules of Procedure and Evidence and the Elements of Crimes. These two texts were subsequently adopted by the Assembly of States Parties. Together with the Rome Statute and the Regulations of the Court adopted by the judges, they comprise the Court’s basic legal texts, setting out its structure, jurisdiction and functions.
International Criminal Court: Establishment of the Court
Assembly of States Parties
The Assembly of States Parties is the management oversight and legislative body of the International Criminal Court.
The Assembly of States Parties decides on various items, such as the adoption of normative texts and of the budget, the election of the judges and of the Prosecutor and the Deputy Prosecutor(s) .
International Criminal Court: Assembly of States Parties